Арам Хачатурян  

Aram Khachaturian

USSR People's Artist, Hero of Socialist Labor
Aram Ilyich Khachaturian was born on June 6, 1903 in Tiflis.
Eighteen year old Aram Khachaturian had no lessons in music and no idea of the symphonic and operatic music. At arriving in Moscow, he entered Moscow University in the department of physics and mathematics.
Lacking a systematic musical training, Aram entered the Gnesin School of Music a year later and brilliantly graduated from the Moscow Conservatory Symphony class. The first works of Khachaturian showed that he was an artist with a natural melodic gift, an outstanding sense of harmonic color. In 1937 he was first performed "Concerto for Violin and Orchestra," which brought Khachaturian international fame.
During the war, Khachaturian has worked the All-Union Radio, writing songs and marches of the country. At the same time the premiere of the first Armenian ballet "Happiness," later called "Gayane." It sounded outstandin and became a famous "Sabre Dance." A year later, Khachaturian got for this ballet one of the highest awards of the time in the field of culture - the Stalin prize first degree. The greatest work after the war began Khachaturian ballet "Spartacus". After the premiere in 1956, "Spartacus" were played on the best ballet scenes in the world.
Aram Khachaturian has worked in both film and theater, writes music for theatrical productions and films.
Khachaturian's peak of creativity in drama theater was "Masquerade." Written for the Theatre Performance Vakhtangov, this music was used subsequently in many other theaters. "Magic link" to the music of Khachaturian's "Masquerade" was the waltz, which the composer dedicated to the young singer as Nina Alia Kazan.
It was a rare artistic success. Today waltz is performed not only by the best orchestras of the world, but bypianists, violinists ensembles, brass bands.
The famous waltz and is now heard in the play, directed by Rimas Tuminas "Masquerade".
Aram wrote music for more than twenty plays. All the theatrical works of the composer, we accurately determine the unique tone "of his voice."
The works for the movie also became famous. The most famous film musics are "Admiral Ushakov", "The Battle of Stalingrad," "Othello."
Since 1950 Khachaturian taught at the Moscow Conservatory and the Gnessin Institute.His students included such prominent composers as A. Eshpai, Rybnikov, M. Tariverdiev, M. Minkowski.
Aram Khachaturian died on May 1, 1978.